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Xian Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses Luoyang Longmen Grottoes Shaanxi Henan Tour - 5 Days

Destination: Xian Luoyang Shaanxi Henan
Duration: no date
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Transportation: Vehice
Best Travel Time:All year
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Shaanxi is considered one of the cradles of Chinese civilization. The province's principal city and current capital, Xi'an, is one of the four great ancient capitals of China and is the eastern terminus of the Silk Road, which leads to Europe, the Arabian Peninsula and Africa.The geography of the area is described as being part of the Ordos Desert in the north along the border with Inner Mongolia, the Loess Plateau in the central part of the province, the Qin Mountains (Qinling) running east to west in the south central part, and subtropical climate south of the Qinling. In between the Loess Plateau and the Qinling lies the Wei River Valley, or Guanzhong, a cradle of early Chinese civilization.

Henan is located in the Yellow River valley where ancient people lived. Earlier in the New Stone Age, the light of civilization had appeared and the delicate potteries in the Peiligang Culture and Yangshao Culture, and the character signs and musical instruments 8,000 years ago have filled the present world and the ancient times with wonders. Three of the Seven Ancient Capitals of China are in Henan: Luoyang, Kaifeng and Anyang. Henan is one of the few provinces which has many historical relics in the country. There are 16 key national units of protecting historical relics and 267 provincial units of protecting historical relics. The over-ground historical relics are the second in China in number. Historical relics in museums take up one-eighth of those in China, and the underground historical relics are the first in China in number. In Henan Museum there are 120,000 historical relics, including over 40,000 rare ones.

Full price of this tour (per person in US$):
Price Price Instruction
US$1000/persons 1000USD/Person

Day 01 Xian Arrival
Upon arrival, xian tour guide will meet you at airport by holding a sign with your name on it. If arrival earlier, we can drop in to visit one of the landmarks of Xian, the Ancient City Wall, and you can either walk or rent a bicycle to ride on the wall to have a panoramic view of this ancient city. Check in local fixed downtown hotel.

- Ancient City Wall: Constructed between 1374 and 1378 during the Ming Dynasty, it is the best-preserved city wall in China and the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world with a total length of 11.9 km (7.4 miles) and a height of 12 meters (39 feet).

Day 02 Xian (B, L)
Spend the whole morning to visit the amazing Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum which is believed to be the most significant archeological excavation of the 20th century in the world.
After lunch time, we will continue to visit the Big Wild Goose Pagoda in the afternoon.
Dinner tonight will be arranged the famous local specialty Dumpling Dinner, and the fancy Tang Dynasty Music and Dance Show.

- Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses: Thousands of life-sized soldiers and horses were neatly arranged in battle formations with distinct expressions on each face, reflecting the mighty forces and advanced manufacture of the Qin Dynasty more than 2,000 years ago. The Bronze Chariots and Horses and the exquisite bronze weapons displayed in the museum will also give you a deep impression.

- Big Wild Goose Pagoda: Built in 652 during the Tang Dynasty, the seven-storey square cone-shaped pagoda was used to house the Buddhist statues and sutras brought back from India by master Xuanzang. It is not only a Buddhist masterpiece but also regarded as one of the landmark construction of Xian City.

- Tang Dynasty Show: The Tang Dynasty Music and Dance Show celebrates the musical heritage left behind in the city through ancient music and dance and is a must when touring Xian.

Day 03 Xian (B, L)
Starts visit from Shaanxi History Museum, then Islamic Mosque and the Muslim Street, where many delicious local food and interesting souvenirs could be found.

- History Museum: As one of the best museums in China, it boasts large collection of historical items which reflect Chinese culture and history from the prehistory period to the mid 20th century. The museum is also the first modernized museum in China, so the advanced facilities will provide you an easy access to enjoy these rare exhibitions. 

- Islamic Mosque: Being the oldest, largest and best-preserved Islamic mosque in Xian, it is constructed in the traditional Chinese style, so the buildings are pavilions with painted columns and flying eaves rather than domes and minarets.

Day 04 Xian - Luoyang (B, L)
After breakfast, driver will take you to railway station for the high-speed train D1002 (08:15 - 10:17) to Luoyang in 2 hours.
Upon arrival, the local tour guide will transfer you to visit the Longmen Grottoes, the White Horse Temple and the Royal Chariot and Horse Pits of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty.
Check in local arranged hotel.

- Longmen Grottoes: The entire carving work here has lasted over 400 years from the Northern Wei Dynasty to the Northern Song Dynasty, showing the prosperous Buddhist culture from the late 5th century to the 10th century. There are altogether some 2,300 caves and niches filled with countless Buddha statues and inscriptions in Longmen Grottoes.

- White Horse Temple: Reputed as the number one temple in China, it was the first temple invested and built by the court after Buddhism was introduced into China about 1,900 year ago during the Eastern Han Dynasty. Later, it became the center of China's Buddhist activities.

- Chariot and Horse Pits: Based on these archeological discoveries, a museum was built to display the giant horses and chariots sacrificial pits of over two thousand years ago.

Day 05 Luoyang Departure (B)
We arrange you the famous Shaolin Temple for martical arts and temples recorded.
In the afternoon, our guide will bring you off at the airport or railway station.

- Shaolin Temple: Situated among the dense forest at the foot of Songshan Mountain, it was originally built in 495 during the Northern Wei Dynasty, and was greatly expanded when Bodhidharma, a famous Indian monk and the patriarch of Chinese Zen, came to impart Zen Buddhism in China. Besides its long history, the temple is much more famous for Shaolin martial arts, the performance of which you could watch while visiting.

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